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Fall Water Gardens

By , 2021/09/01

September 1st, 2021

Enjoy your Water Garden!

You should be able to enjoy your water garden through the fall. Savour the last blooms on your water lilies and other plants before they start to die back for the winter.

Leaves on the surrounding trees may start to turn and fall. You should clean them out regularly to prevent build up or clogging your water pump intake. If early frosts start to burn the leaves on your marginal water plants you can cut them back so the tops are just above the surface of the water.

There are many great water plants that will still give you colour through the fall. These include; the Colocasia with their dark leaves and stems, Cypress ‘Baby Tut’ with their tufts of grass like leaves, Equisetum with their dark tips to the foliage, Fairy Moss with their beads of dew or rain, Orza ‘Black Madrass with their dark leaves, and Thalia with their teardrop shaped leaves.

 

Fall Lawn Care

September 1st, 2021

Fall Lawn Care Tips

As Fall brings cooler temperatures your lawn will emerge from its summer dormancy. You should start to notice some new growth and the dead brown grass start to be replaced. It is important to lime, fertilize, water, and mow your lawn properly in the fall.

Fertilizing your Lawn

As your lawn begins to recover from the summer drought be sure to help encourage new growth with a fall fertilizer. Fall is a time when the lawn needs to be given a feeding of fertilizer that has more potash in it. The Evergro Winter Ready (6-3-20) helps to develop a strong healthy lawn for next year. The best time to apply fertilizer to your lawn is when it is raining. If it is not raining when you apply the fertilizer you should set out the sprinkler and water your lawn for one to two hours to ensure that the fertilizer is washed into the soil.

Applying Lime to Your Lawn

In addition to fertilizing fall is also an ideal time to apply lime to your lawn. Lime is essential to balance the Ph in the soil. Lime helps the grass absorb important nutrients. If you have a significant amount of Moss in your lawn the Lime also helps to deter the moss from growing. However it is best to wait until March or April to apply a moss control to kill the moss.

Watering your Lawn

During the fall the west coast generally receives enough rain to provide adequate water for your lawn. In the event of a warm dry fall it may be necessary to water your lawn through September and October.

When watering your lawn it is best to water early in the morning to minimize evaporation loss. This saturates the soil more thoroughly and provides better absorption of the water. Watering your lawn less frequently but more thoroughly encourages deeper roots that can withstand drought.

In the greater Vancouver are watering restrictions come into affect on May 15th and are in effect until October 15th. Please note that they changed again this spring (2018). They are now as follows:

Residential lawn sprinkling allowed:

  • Even-numbered addresses Wednesday, Saturday mornings 4 am to 9 am
  • Odd-numbered addresses Thursday, Sunday mornings 4 am to 9 am
  • Watering trees, shrubs and flowers is permitted any day, from 4 am to 9 am if using a sprinkler, or any time if hand watering or using drip irrigation. All hoses must have an automatic shut-off device.

Non-residential lawn sprinkling allowed:

  • Even-numbered addresses Monday mornings 1 am to 6 am and Friday mornings, 4 am to 9 am
  • Odd-numbered addresses Tuesday mornings 1 am to 6 am and Friday mornings, 4 am to 9 am
  • Watering trees, shrubs and flowers is permitted any day, from 1 am to 9 am if using a sprinkler, or any time if hand watering or using drip irrigation. All hoses must have an automatic shut-off device.

What if I don’t want to wake up at 4 am?

Here’s a better idea than getting up at 4am, purchase an electronic water timer for your sprinklers to make it easy for you to water your lawn and not violate the restrictions. Be sure to ask us when you come by to see us.

Newly planted lawns need special attention. It is best to keep the soil moist for at least 4 to 6 weeks after you apply grass seed to ensure that your lawn develops an adequate root system. If you are starting a new lawn in the summer be sure to apply for a permit to water outside of the watering restrictions.

Click here for more information from Metro Vancouver’s website.

If you have applied fertilizer or lime to your lawn it is best if you water the lawn to ensure that the fertilizer is washed off the blades of the grass to prevent burning. Watering also helps the fertilizer reach the roots faster.

Mowing your Lawn

Lawns should be mowed at regular intervals. However, lawns grow more slowly during the fall months. This reduces the frequency with which you have to cut it. For best results your lawn should be cut every 10 to 14 days. A rotary mower should to be set at a height of 2 to 3 inches for the season. Your lawn mower should be kept sharp at all times. A dull mower tears the grass instead of cutting it, making it more susceptible to diseases.

You should use a grass catcher, or rake the cut grass to remove the cuttings and prevent the build-up of dead grass. If you do not remove the dead grass you should power rake your lawn on a regular basis to remove the layer of dead grass (thatch) that builds up, this is called power raking or de-thatching.

Applying Moss Control

Spring is the best time to apply Moss Control. However if moss has taken hold of your lawn you might want to consider a fall application of the Moss Control to reduce the problem for the winter. Moss usually goes dormant over the summer but as we start to receive cooler weather and rain in the fall the moss in your lawn may rejuvenate and need to be controlled. It is more important to add lime to your lawn to balance the pH to deter the moss from growing over the winter.

Tips for Starting a New Lawn

Fall is an excellent time to start a new lawn from seed or to over-seed your existing lawn to fill in the spaces. You need to apply the grass seed at least six weeks prior to the first frosts, which normally arrive in mid November. So it is best to start your new lawn before the first week of October.

To over-seed your existing lawn first spread some fresh topsoil. You should mix a Turf Starter fertilizer (15-30-10) with the soil while you spread it. The fertilizer helps to promote development of strong healthy roots.

Make sure that you spread the soil evenly and level it to ensure even growth. Then apply lawn seed and lightly rake the seed into the soil. To ensure that the lawn seed germinates best keep the new lawn moist for at least four to six weeks. You should not fertilize the new lawn until after it has been mowed at least twice.

Fall Garden Mums

September 1st, 2021

Add Fall Colour to Your Garden with Mums!

Mums are a great addition to your garden for fall. They provide colour from August to October. They are a great combination plant with Pansies, Kale, or other fall perennials. They are excellent in the garden or in pots and containers. Mums are sold as annuals but they can be left in the garden to flower again next year, just cut them back in the winter and they come up again next summer.

Fall Flowering Crocus

By , 2021/08/25

August 25th, 2021

Fall Flowering Crocus are Ready to Bloom!

Did you know that there were crocus bulbs that flower in the fall? In fact there are several varieties of the Fall Flowering Crocus that bloom in late September and early October. The most popular are the Colchicum varieties including ‘Album’ (White), ‘The Giant’ (Pink), and ‘Water Lily’ (Double Pink). There is also the Crocus sativus, also known as the Saffron Crocus, and the Crocus Zonatus.

Fall Flowering Crocus are easy to grow and flower profusely and reliably every fall. They naturalize very easily and every few years you can divide them and spread them throughout your garden. They grow best in well drained soil in a partially sunny location.

Fall and Winter Vegetables

By , 2021/08/20

August 20th, 2021

It is time to start Your Winter Vegetable Garden!

As the summer begins to wind down you should be thinking about growing winter vegetables. There are many vegetable that you can grow during a west coast winter. You can start them from seed like lettuce, carrots, and radishes. You can also buy plants that are already growing like broccoli, cabbage, kale, and Swiss chard. You can even plant herbs like Sage and Thyme now for a fall or winter harvest.

Garlic

August 20th, 2021

Grow your own Garlic!

Vampires beware it’s time to plant garlic. Fall is a great time to plant your garlic crop for next year and growing good garlic is easy. If you just plant the cloves in the ground anytime between September and March and it will probably grow. But if you want to grow large, healthy bulbs, there is more to it. Click here to download our Garlic Growing Tips Information Brochure.

This year you can choose from ten different varieties of garlic, including three varieties of certified organic garlic. They include:

  • Regular White – Common type of white garlic, has a mild flavor.
  • Elephant – Has large cloves but very mild flavor
  • Bogatyr - A hardneck variety known for its hot, strong taste. Excellent for roasting
  • Chesnok Red -
  • Duganski – Fiery flavor that mellows when cooked. Sores well.
  • Mexican Purple – This garlic has a hot flavour when raw, but becomes milder when baked
  • Music – Music is large beautiful and a well-formed porcelain garlic. Its flavor is very rich and musky, strong and robust and sticks around for a while.
  • Russian Red – A rocambole hardneck garlic with a rich, musky flavour and is very hot when eaten raw. Grows great in the northwest.

Certified Organic Varieties

  • Armenian
  • Northern Quebec Porcelain
  • Red Russian

Hydrangeas for Fall

By , 2021/08/10

August 10th, 2021

Heavenly Hydrangeas for Fall Colour!

If you thought that Hydrangeas only look good in the summer you would be missing out on one of the best shows of colour for the fall. There are many great Hydrangeas that bloom continuously right through until the snow falls in winter. Especially the Endless Summer varieties. Many other hydrangeas provide great winter interest when their flowers dry and add a nice look to your garden beds. The paniculata grandilfora types like Pee Gee, Tardiva, and Limelight are excellent varieties to leave their flowers on for the winter.

In addition to the great flowers hydrangeas have beautiful fall foliage colours. Even in the dead of winter varieties like Hydrangea nigra with their black stems can provide you with colour. If you choose the right hydrangeas for your garden you can enjoy hydrangeas all year long.

Summer Grasses

By , 2021/08/05

August 5th, 2021

Summer Grasses are Blooming!

If there are any plants that have been enjoying the summer heat it has been the summer flowering grasses. They are looking great right now with their blooms coming into full colour. Grasses add structure and beauty to your garden. Their height makes an excellent backdrop to your annual or perennial flower beds and the graceful movement in a light wind provides an element of beauty with their subtle movements.

One of the best summer grasses for your garden is the Panicum ‘Heavy Metal’, also known as “Switch Grass”. This beautiful grass has airy summer flowers on top of 3 to 4 foot high stems. The bright blue leaves then turn red and yellow in the fall. During the winter the leaves then turn a tan colour, remaining through the winter months when many of your other plants have died back to the ground. They are great in mixed borders, as an accent in a pot or container, or in mass plantings in a garden. Panicum grows best in moint to rich soil in full to partial sun. They are hardy to zone 3 (-40 to -34 C, or -40 to -30 F).

Echinacea

By , 2021/07/12

July 12th, 2021

Add warmth to your garden with Echinacea!

Echinacea (or Coneflower) are one of the most popular perennials, they love full sun and lots of heat. They have large, showy flower heads, blooming from early to late summer. Many varieties bloom until frosts in the fall. Some varieties can be used for herbal or medicinal purposes. They work well at attracting butterflies to your garden. There are many varieties for you to choose from.

Crocosmia

By , 2021/07/04

July 4th, 2021

Enjoy the devilishly beautiful blooms of Crocosmia ‘Lucifer’

Crocosmia are one of the best summer flowering perennials to have in your garden. They produce clumps of sword-shaped leaves. These leaves are topped with tall, arching spikes of tubular funnel-shaped blossoms in mid to late summer. There are several named varieties available, in a range of hot colours. The most popular variety is the ‘Lucifer’. Lucifer has brilliant flame-red flowers, and a tall habit. They attract butterflies and hummingbirds and make an outstanding cut flower in a bouquet. Every garden should have at least one variety of Crocosmia in it and Lucifer is by far the most popular variety. There is also ‘Emily McKenzie’ which is a bright Orange and ‘George Davidson’ which is a golden yellow.

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