Posts tagged: lime

Spring Lawn Care

By , 2017/03/07

Spring is a great time to start caring for your lawn!

A well established healthy lawn requires less water, care, and maintenance during the summer.  The following is a list of a few things that you can do in early spring to help ensure that you lawn is healthy and strong all year:

Starting a New Lawn

If you are starting a new lawn it is recommended that you wait until the risk of frost has passed. This is usually in Mid March. It is also important to ensure that there is at least six inches of soil for the lawn to grow its roots. So be sure to till the soil to an even depth to allow for the roots of the grass to develop. Next ensure that the area is level to reduce the possibility of drainage issues in the future. Then you can apply the grass seed to the area and water thoroughly.

If you have an existing lawn you can top dress the lawn by spreading a thin layer (1/4 inch) of top soil and then apply the grass seed on top. Water thoroughly to ensure that the seed germinates.

Watering your Lawn

Adequate watering ensures that your lawn has an established root system to cope with the dry summer months. Be sure to water thoroughly and deeply. Watering restrictions come into affect on June 1st and are in effect until September 30th. Please not that they have changed as of 2013. They are as follows:

Residential Addresses:

  • Even-numbered address: Monday, Wednesdays, and Saturdays 4 am to 9 am
  • Odd-numbered address: Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Sundays 4 am to 9 am
  • Please note: You can no longer water your lawn during the evenings

Non-Residential Addresses:

  • Even numbered addresses: Monday and Wednesday 1 am to 6 am
  • Odd numbered addresses: Tuesday and Thursday 1 am to 6 am
  • All addresses: Friday 4 am to 9 am

Newly planted lawns need special attention. It is best to keep the soil moist for at least 4 to 6 weeks to ensure that your lawn develops an adequate root system. If you are starting a new lawn in the summer be sure to apply for a permit to water outside of the watering restrictions.

Mowing your Lawn

Lawns should be mowed at regular intervals with a sharp mower at the correct height. Lawns should be cut every 7 to 10 days. A rotary mower should to be set at 2 to 3 inches for the season. You lawn mower should be kept sharp at all times. A dull mower tears the grass instead of cutting it, making it more susceptible to diseases. You should use a catcher, or rake the cut grass to remove the cuttings and prevent the build-up of dead grass. If you do not remove the dead grass you should power rake you lawn on a regular basis to remove the layer of dead grass (thatch) that builds up, this is called de-thatching.

Applying Moss Control

Before your moss goes dormant in the summer heat you should take steps to kill and remove the moss in your lawn. To do this apply either a liquid or granular Moss Control to affected areas. Approximately two days later, use a mechanical power rake to remove the dead black moss. The area should then receive a thin layer of soil or sand followed by an application of grass seed to grow where the moss was.

Moss Out

Moss Out

Fertilizing your Lawn

The beauty of your lawn, its resistance to disease, insects, moss and weeds depends largely on how you feed it. With our heavy rains in the coastal area, much of the mineral content (food or fertilizer) of the soil is washed away each year. Every fertilizer shows the percentage of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potash (N.P.K.) For example 12-4-8 is 12% Nitrogen, 4% Phosphorous and 8% Potash.

  • Nitrogen                     – gives the green to lawns and is the main food a lawn responds to
  • Phosphorous            – encourages good root growth
  • Potash                       – promotes strong healthy stems

Lawns should be fed at regular intervals.  We recommend an application of 28-3-8 in early spring. This will feed your lawn for 10 to 12 weeks. For late spring and summer, we recommend 12-4-8. This feeds your lawn for 6 to 8 weeks. Fertilizing should be done when the grass is dry and should then be watered in thoroughly. To ensure an even application, it is best to use a fertilizer spreader.

When you apply fertilizer you should water your lawn to make sure that the fertilizer make it to the soil and does not remain on the leaves where it could burn them.

Applying Lime to Your Lawn

Lime is an important soil conditioner that helps you lawn absorb fertilizer and deter moss from growing. Lime does not kill moss, but does neutralize the pH of the soil making fertilizer applications more effective. To be effective Dolomite Lime should be applied in spring and again in fall.

Top Dressing Your Lawn

After power raking and/or aerating in the spring, your lawn may appear sparse. Top-dressing is a reliable way of rejuvenating it. You can top-dress your lawn with Peat Moss for sandy soils, peat and sand for clay soils, sand if you have wet soil, or top soil. Top-dressing is best done in March or April. After top-dressing you can also apply a thin layer of lawn seed to help fill in the spaces left by the power rake.

Winter Lawn Care

By , 2014/01/01

Winter Lawn Care

Winter is a quiet time for your lawn. There is very little you need to do to a lawn in winter.

Starting a New Lawn

Once we start to receive frost at night it is too late to start a new lawn or over-seed your existing lawn. It is best to wait until warmer weather in the spring to apply lawn seed. Nigh time temperatures should be above freezing for 4 to 6 weeks continuously for the seed to successfully germinate.

Watering your Lawn

The cool wet weather means that you do not have to water your lawn again until the spring. However it is important to watch the lawn in the winter to determine if there are any low spots where water is collecting. Make note of these areas as you will need to aerate and add sand in the spring to improve drainage.

If you apply lime and/or fertilizer to your lawn it is best to water them in thoroughly. Usually an hour is enough to work the lime or fertilizer into the soil. Leaving the lime or fertilizer on the surface of the grass burns the tops of the blades. Lime and fertilizer should only be applied if temperatures are above freezing.

Mowing your Lawn

Cold winter temperatures slow the growth of your lawn. This reduces the need to cut it at regular intervals. You likely do not need to cut your lawn at all during the winter. So one final cut in October or November should be all you need to do.

Applying Moss Control

Winter is not the best time to apply Moss Control to your lawn. The Moss has gone dormant and has probably already spread the spores that will grow next year. You can rake out the moss by hand or use/rent a power rake to do it more effectively. The best time to apply Moss Control is in the spring between March and April.

Fertilizing your Lawn

Winter is a time when the lawn does not need to be given any fertilizer. You will not need to fertilize your lawn again until the spring when it starts to grow again.

Lime should not be applied during winter either. An excess of lime too late in the season can cause diseases on your lawn.

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